Seizures

Many of us run a so-called race, Seizures. We try to cross a hurdle, stumble, and fall back.
Nonetheless, we pick ourselves up, dust off, and continue to run until the race of seizures
does not exist any longer. Let's join forces so that this can be a race that we all finish
together.

What are Seizures?

An unexpected, uncontrolled electrical disruption in your mind is a seizure. Usually, you start
to behave, with sudden movements or feelings and changes in consciousness level.

When you get Epilepsy?

When you get two or more seizures, you might have Epilepsy. The tendency of recurrent
episodes also classify it.

What are the different types of Seizures?

Seizure types are broad in range depending on the severity of their effects on your body.
Further, they also differ by in which part of the brain they begin. Mostly seizures go from 30
seconds to two minutes only. If your episodes go longer than five minutes, then seek
immediate medical emergency.
The doctors have classified seizures into two main types focal and generalized. It is built on
how and where the abnormal activities begin in the brain. When we cannot analyze where the
seizures started, then we classify it as the unknown onset.

Focal Seizures

These seizures result from abnormal electrical movement in one part of your brain.
Focal seizures without lack of consciousness: These seizures might alter your emotions.
Further, they change the way things look, smell, feel, taste, or sound to you. Somehow you
don’t give up consciousness. There is excessive jerking of a body part, such as an arm or leg,
and spontaneous sensory signs such as tingling, dizziness, and flashing lights.

Focal Seizures with Impaired Awareness:

These seizures cause a change or lack of consciousness or awareness. You may stare into space and not usually respond to your surroundings. Further, you perform repetitive movements, like hand rubbing, swallowing, chewing, or walking in circles.  People often confuse signs of focal seizures with other neurological disorders, such as narcolepsy, migraines, or mental disorders.

Generalized Seizures

Seizures that happen to involve all areas of the mind are known as generalized seizures.
Different types of generalized seizures include:

Absence Seizures: Absence seizures, were referred to as petit mal seizures, often happen in children and starts with staring into space or by subtle body movements, such as eye blinking or lip-smacking. These seizures may happen in clusters and cause a lack of awareness.

Tonic Seizures: These seizures cause tightening of your muscles. These seizures usually affect your back, arms, and legs muscles and may cause you to tumble to the ground.

Atonic Seizures: Atonic seizures, also recognized as drop seizures, cause a loss of muscle control, which may cause you to collapse or fall suddenly.

Clonic Seizures: These happen with repeated or rhythmic, jerking muscle movements. These
seizures generally affect the neck, face, and arms.

Myoclonic Seizures: These usually happen suddenly with jerks or twitches in your arms and
legs.

Tonic-Clonic Seizures: We previously named these seizures grand mal seizures. They are epileptic seizures and can cause a sudden lack of consciousness, body stiffening, and trembling, and sometimes you lose control of the bladder or biting your tongue.

What are the Symptoms of Seizures?

The signs and symptoms of seizures vary from severity to mild. Further, it also depends on
the type of Seizure you have. These signs differ from one person to another.
a) It can be fleeting confusion,
b) A staring hex,
c) The strong shaking movements of the arms and legs are widespread signs of Seizures;
d) Its lack of consciousness or awareness and
e) The cognitive or emotional symptoms, for example, fear, anxiety, or déjà vu.
What are the causes of Seizures?
The nerve cells communicate with other body parts by sending out signals. Anything that
disturbs these communication pathways may cause a seizure. Sometimes seizures occur
because of:
i. It could be a fever, which may be connected with a disease like meningitis
ii. Lack of sleep
iii. Low blood sodium (hyponatremia), which may occur with diuretic treatment

iv. Strokes
v. Brain tumors
vi. The illegal or psychiatric medication, for example, amphetamines or cocaine.
vii. Alcohol misuse during times of extreme or withdrawal intoxication.
viii. The recent reason could be the COVID-19 infection.
When to see a doctor?
Seek immediate medical emergency if any of the subsequent occurs:
A. If the SeizureSeizure goes for more than five minutes.
B. Your breathing or consciousness doesn't come back after the SeizureSeizure stops.
C. If a second seizure happens immediately after the first one.
D. Attacks are happening when you have a high fever.
E. You're feeling the heat exhaustion.
F. If you're pregnant and are getting a stroke.
G. You got diabetes.
H. You've hurt yourself in the course of the SeizureSeizure.
I. If the SeizureSeizure is for the first time, seek medical guidance.
What are the complications one can face during seizures?
Seizures are more typical than you may suspect. Attacks can occur after a stroke, a shut head
injury, contamination, for example, meningitis, or another disease. However, the reason for a
seizure is vague.
You can control most Seizures with medication like clonazepam; however, seizures can
significantly affect your day by day life. Having a stroke at specific occasions can prompt
conditions that are hazardous for you or others. You may be in danger of:
Falling: If you fall while having a seizure, you can harm your head or break a bone.
Suffocating: If you have a seizure while swimming or washing, you're in danger of
suffocation.
Vehicle crashes: Seizure that causes either loss of mindfulness or control can be risky if
you're driving a car or working other gear.

Pregnancy difficulties: Seizures during pregnancy present threats to both mother and child.
If you have Epilepsy and plan to get pregnant, work with your physician so they change your
drugs and screen your pregnancy.
Emotional, medical problems: Individuals with seizures are bound to have mental
issues—for example, melancholy and nervousness. Issues might be a consequence of troubles
managing the condition itself just as drug results.

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